Bas-relief Sculpture

At Pigmentti, we create bas-reliefs by sculpting onto walls, ceilings, furniture, panels, and even doors.

Marmorino and Scagliola are the two materials that I work with. Both materials are versatile and can be applied to create many textures, polished to natural finishes and deep sculptural details. With Marmorino engravings using the Graffito (scratching) technique can also be achieved.


Bas-relief Sculpture – Marmorino


Marmorino (slaked lime and crushed marble) can be used on exteriors and interiors and when it cures it returns to its original state of limestone rock making it a very durable material. Thanks to its antibacterial and breathability properties, it is the perfect material to be used in humid conditions, in particular bathrooms and swimming pools.

The origins of Marmorino started with the Greeks and become widespread in ancient Rome. It was then revived in the Renaissance in particular  by the Veneto architect Andrea Palladio. It came to its full glory in the Venetian Baroque, Neo-Classicism, Art Nouveau and Art Deco periods.




Bas-relief Sculpture – Scagliola


Scagliola (animal glue and Gyps Scagliola) is a very strong material, yet relatively light compared to Marmorino. Thanks to its malleable characteristics, it can be sculpted to achieve fine and delicate details. This material doesn’t like humid conditions so it is to be used in interiors living spaces only.

Scagliola was first used around the 1st century BC, and its revival  later came about in the Renaissance period as an effective substitute for costly marble inlays. The technique flourished in Europe in the Baroque and Rococo periods where exotic marbles and lavish stone inlays were popular in interior design and bas-reliefs were a common addition.


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